In a civilized and cultivated country, wild animals only continue to exist at all when preserved by sportsmen.-Theodore Roosevelt
SAPS Accreditation Certificate Number: 1300024 NPO 008-257
HUNTING ON FARMLAND:
SUGGESTED GUIDELINES FOR LANDOWNERS, MANAGERS & HUNTERSHunting on private land is often a new experience for the hunters, as well as the landowner and/or his manager.
In our ongoing efforts to promote ethical hunting on a sustainable basis and also as a source of income for landowners, we have compiled the following proposed guidelines to be used.
PREPARING FOR THE TRIP:
We recommend you establish the following prior to your hunt:
* The Landowner has a permit for the game you are hunting
* Request the permit number.
* When hunting a trophy, establish whether the price you are paying includes the meat.
* That you are in possession of the correct hunting licences.
Calibers when hunting in KZN:
Dangerous game: .375 H&H Win Mag
Small game i.e. impala, duiker, steenbuck, etc .243 upwards
Medium game: com reedbuck, bushbuck etc., .270 upwards
Large game i.e. nyala, kudu, blue wildebeest .30 caliber e.g .303, 308 and 30.06
|Ensure the hunter possesses the necessary game license, before hunting takes place. No license, no hunting||Purchase all required game licenses for the species to be hunted at our office, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife or a gun shop.
No license, no hunting!
Ensure that the farmer possesses the necessary permit for animals listed on TOPS regulations. Refer to section re licences / permits
|Pre-requisites, eg Proficiency Grading, etc.||Advise hunter in advance that he/she has to provide proof of whatever pre-requisites you might have, eg proficiency grading,
hunting association membership, etc.
Get hunter to complete Indemnity forms
|Ascertain beforehand if there are any pre-requisites and ensure to take your membership card or other documentation with if necessary.|
|Prices||Ascertain (always in writing) the prices and whether it includes or exclude VAT.
This would cover all costs, including the day fees, accommodation, pricing structure of the animals hunted (per kg. dressed/per unit), missed shots, wounded animals, skinning, use of vehicle, cold room, firewood, etc.
Does the accommodation fee include hunting fee.
|Accommodation||Ascertain beforehand (preferably in writing) the following:
|Times||Specify the check-in and check-out times with hunter when he books.||All hunters must adhere to the landowner’s rules regarding check-in and check-out times. Ascertain this beforehand.|
|Bird Hunting||This is a specialized form of hunting and the following details must be clearly defined by the landowner and understood by the hunter:
Consideration should be given to cover more than one dam if possible on waterfowl shoots, in an effort to keep the birds in flight.
When hunting with dogs, particular aspects to be followed.
|Animals to be Hunted||Farmer or landowner must be in possession of relevant permit for animals to be hunted, including animals listed under TOPS regulations. Refer to section re licences/permits.||Hunter must be in possession of the relevant game license before hunting takes place.
Hunter should request permit number from farmer.
|The following must be clearly defined by the farmer/landowner and understood by the hunter in writing if possible.:
|Trophy Animals||Clearly define trophy as per size, as well as the price.
KZNH&C Assn. recommends the use of Rowland Ward.
|It is the hunter’s responsibility to determine whether the animal he hunts is a trophy size. Any animals shot must be paid for at the agreed price
Establish whether price for the trophy animal includes the meat.
|TOPIC||LANDOWNER OR MANAGER||HUNTER|
|Check In||Inform the hunter in advance where and with whom he needs to check in.||The hunter must check in with the land owner or manager before hunting. Make prior arrangements as to whom to contact on arrival and departure.|
|Proof of ID and membership of KZN H&C Assn.||Unless known to the farmer, the hunter must be able to present proof of identification and membership of our Association.|
|Definition of Hunting Area||Define the area in which hunting may be conducted. It is often wise to inform your neighbours that hunters will be present on the land. There must be no confusion regarding:||Ensure that you are fully informed regarding the hunting area.
Respect the landowners rules and wishes regarding:
|Game Guard / Tracker||
||The hunter should ascertain from the landowner the following:
e) Check with the farmer before arrival on number of trackers available.
|Procedures regarding wounded animals||An animal is classified as wounded where blood drops or stains, bone fragments or tissue is found.
Landowner and hunter need to clarify the following before the hunt:
f) What is the ruling if the hunter shoots an animal that has previously been wounded.
|Sighting of rifles:||There should be a safe area designated with either 50m or 100m where firing can take place. It is helpful if a target (eg cardboard box) and some rest for the rifle (eg bench, tree trunk, sandbag, etc.) is available.||Sighting of a rifle prior to a hunt is a MUST.
Ensure that the landowner/manager is satisfied with the performance of your rifle and has confidence in your ability to effectively use your rifle.
|Hazards on the farm and general information||The landowner/manager must brief the hunter regarding the following:
Hazards, eg ravines, rivers;
Fire hazards, eg forest areas (is smoking permitted whilst hunting?)
Situation of water pipes (to prevent driving over them);
General information that the hunter should know:
Does the landowner want him to shoot problem animals, eg jackal, etc.;
Should the hunter shoot previously injured or wounded game seen while hunting? If this happens, does the hunter pay for the animal?
|Checking Out||Please complete and sign the attached form, “Permission to hunt and transport venison” to ensure that the hunter won’t experience any problems with authorities whilst transporting the meat home.
If there are veterinary restrictions on transportation of meat in your area, please inform the hunter as such.
|Ensure that you check out on time and fulfill all your commitments (eg payment, etc.). Leave only your tracks behind.
Have your “Permission to Hunt” form signed by the farmer.
Check on veterinary restrictions on transporting meat within the province or from one province to another.
|Hunting Hours||According to the KZN Ordinance, hunting may only take place between half an hour before sunrise and half an hour after sunset.|
|Fires and litter||Managers/landowners are requested to emphasize that littering is not allowed.||Hunters should ensure that all disposable items including shotgun and rifle cartridge cases and doppies, are retained for disposal on return to the homestead.|
|Use of Alcohol||KZNH&C Assn. is strongly opposed to the consumption of alcohol while hunting.|
|Service by Hunter||Hunters can provide a useful service by providing the farmer with information regarding his animals, the veld conditions. Etc. If the farmer has any specific problems eg snaring or game population statistics, the hunter can certainly help in this regard.|
HUNTING LICENSES YOU WILL REQUIRE FOR A HUNT IN KZN.
Open Game (Blesbuck and Springbuck): No license needed.
An Ordinary game License applies during the hunting season only, 31 May – 31 August at a cost of R8,00 (Any of these species hunted out of the season, will require a Special License)
|African Quail||Coqui Francolin||Egyptian Goose||Impala|
|Red Francolin||Shelley’s Francolin||White-faced whistling duck||Bushbuck male|
|Crested Francolin||Grey Duiker||Natal Francolin||Red-bill Teal|
|Spurwing Goose||Yellow-bill duck||Crowned Guineafowl||Greywing Francolin|
|Ramron Pigeon||Red-necked Francolin||Swainson’s Francolin|
Protected Licences apply during the whole year and are valid for 1 month. A license is purchased per species of animals you wish to hunt.
|African Pochard||R2.00||African Sheldduck||R2.00||Black Duck||R2.00|
|Blue Duiker||R24.00||Blue Wildebeest||R12.00||Buffalo||R60.00|
|Bush Baby||R7.00||Bushbuck, female||R5.00||Cape Shoveler||R2.00|
|Crested Guineafowl||R3.00||Eland||R24.00||Fulvous Whistling Duck||R2.00|
|Grey Rhebuck||R18.00||Hippopotamus||R120.00||Hottentot Teal||R2.00|
|Knob-bill Duck||R2.00||Kudu||R18.00||Livingstone Antelope (Suni)||R24.00|
|Maccoa Duck||R2.00||Mtn Reedbuck||R12.00||Nyala||R18.00|
|Oribi (endangered)||R24.00||Pygmy Goose||R2.00||Red Duiker||R24.00|
|Redhartebeest||R24.00||Samango Monkey||R7.00||Sable Antelope||R12.00|
All the above licenses may be purchased from the Association Offices.
Note: Some species that we issued protected licences before, (e.g. Common Reedbuck, Black Wildebeest and Oribi) now fall under the “Threatened and/or protected species regulations” protected by national legislation.
However, until the province has been declared as being TOPS compliant, hunters should still purchase the provincial protected licences for species listed on the TOPS list.
Threatened and/or protected species regulations
A list of all species falling under these regulations is published on our website. Please ensure status of any animals not listed. When booking your hunting trip, it would be worthwhile ascertaining in advance whether the landowner has the necessary permits in terms of these regulations. The game farmers can register if they want to (it is not compulsory), but it is quite expensive for them if they only want to hunt a few reedbuck per year for their own purpose (R2000.00 in total for the registration and standing permit). Therefore it is very possible that game farm owners who do not cater for foreign hunters, will choose not to register.
Individual TOPS hunting permits are R100.00 per permit, which allows for the transporting of the meat/skull & skin/carcass and temporary keeping of the products after the hunt. This is convenient for local hunters, as 1 permit is needed to hunt, transport and temporary keep the products.
Hunting on private land is a privilege and hunters are expected to show respect at all times for the Landowners and his staff, the Farmer’s property and the animals and birds hunted.
The KwaZulu-Natal Hunting and Conservation Association supports:
ETHICAL HUNTING AND CONSERVATION OF WILDLIFE.
Importation of Game into KZN.
Section 23 of the KZN Ordinance states as follows:
“No person shall import into the Province of Natal any game, excluding biltong, manufactured under veterinary supervision by the National Parks Board of Trustees, without a written permit granted to him by the board with the prior approval of the Administrator (of KZN); provided that any such permit shall be granted only subject to the production by the applicant to the Board of a permit granted to him by the Division of Veterinary Services or other officer of the government having authority to grant same.”
The legal office of Ezemvelo were asked for an interpretation of this rule in the case of a KZN hunter bringing in or home the proceeds of game shot legally in another province which happens hundreds of times a year. The answer is that if a person imports game into KZN without the necessary permits as outlined in the Ordinance and gets caught, he/she will in all likelihood be charged. If convicted, the person stands a chance of being declared unfit to possess a firearm and will lose all their weapons.
Make sure you are in possession of a “Permission to hunt Venison” document, copy of which is on the reverse side of this document. indicating the farmers permit number, his details and signature. This document is also obtained from the Office of KZN Hunting & Cons. Assn.
By extension, something very similar governs the exportation of game from KZN and many hunters from other provinces could be caught in the same dilemma.
Make sure you are fully aufait with the KZN Ordinance.